East Lyme, Connecticut, USA: Analysis from Phesi shows the impact of COVID-19 on clinical development is continuing to mount, with many clinical trial sites unable to bounce back following suspension in March and April 2020. Phesi’s previous analysis in May 2020 found that of 300,000 global clinical trial sites, there had been a 38 per cent increase in suspensions from the beginning of the year. Now, new analysis from September 2020 indicates these suspensions peaked in early June, and after an initial drop, have risen again – with over 28,000 sites currently suspended.
Sites did begin recruiting again in June 2020, rising to almost pre-pandemic levels. But the analysis shows that while new sites have appeared, many other investigator sites could go under forever. The sudden increase in recruiting sites is likely due to sponsors scrambling to mitigate the impact of COVID-19 and blindly adding new sites, without analyzing via systematical root cause analysis how well their trials were doing in the first place before the pandemic struck. One important note is that this initial analysis can’t show all the variables, because many sponsors and CROs are yet to release COVID-19 data.
“Even in ‘normal’ times, adding new sites to an ongoing recruiting trial, as is happening here, is a very risky practice without analyzing the true impact of such a move,” commented Dr. Gen Li, President, Phesi. “In many suspended trials, COVID-19 is likely to only have been a superficial trigger for a much deeper problem in the design and enrollment, given around a fifth of trials fail in ordinary circumstances. Adding an extra site can actually just exacerbate existing problems when decisions are not data-led, rather than solving them. Biopharmaceutical organizations planning budgets for 2021 need to take a data-driven view in order to make accurate clinical development decisions that will help them navigate the difficult conditions the sector is facing.”
In many suspended trials, COVID-19 is likely to only have been a superficial trigger for a much deeper problem in the design and enrollment, given around a fifth of trials fail in ordinary circumstances. Adding an extra site can actually just exacerbate existing problems when decisions are not data-led, rather than solving them.
Phesi’s further analysis of data on clinical trial enrollment closure shows that COVID-19 is also having significant impact on phase 2 and 3 trials. Typically, around 125 trials complete enrollment in a month. In June 2020, this almost doubled to 200 trials, most likely to compensate for recruitment being at a standstill in the previous three months. Clinical trial enrollment closures then fell to just 70 in August. Closure decisions in June were not made in a vacuum and appear to be a wise move; it’s likely these trials were only one to two months from completing targeted enrollment before the pandemic, so there is a strong chance there would have been a large enough sample size already to draw statistically meaningful conclusions.
“With increased global economic uncertainty facing all industries, 2021 will be challenging for most clinical development organizations around the world,” continued Dr Gen Li. “Without data-driven decision making, already limited financial resources will be further wasted by resurrecting ‘zombie’ projects which would have failed even without COVID-19. Costs may also spiral as change orders issued by CROs increase and additional internal contingency planning is required. If organizations do not adapt to these changes it could, in the worst-case scenario, lead to company meltdown and multiple year delays in the development of new therapies. Clinical development companies must have predictive scenario modelling capabilities to accurately manage new change orders and associated costs.”
Phesi provides comprehensive clinical development analytical products and services for biopharmaceutical companies around the world. The company’s integrated offerings cover the entire clinical development process — from development planning and indication assessment to protocol evaluation, site selection, and trial implementation management. Phesi has the industry’s most comprehensive and dynamic clinical trials database and predictive analytics tools, consisting of 330,000 completed clinical trials, 604,000 completed research projects, > 4.2 million physicians and > 600,000 investigator sites worldwide. For more information please visit Phesi.com.
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